The Philippines is an agricultural country with a land area of 30 million hectares, 47% of which is agricultural land. In the Philippines, prime agricultural lands are located around the main urban and high population density areas.
Of the total area under food crops, coconut accounted for the biggest average harvest area of 4.25 million hectares. Sugarcane with 673 thousand hectares; Industrial crops with 591 thousand hectares; 148 thousand hectares for fruits; 270 thousand hectares for vegetables and rootcrops; 404 thousand hectares for pasture and 133 hectares for cutflower.
The Philippine Department of Agriculture's vision is to modernize small-holder agriculture and fisheries to a diversified rural economy that is dynamic, technologically advanced and internationally competitive. As of July, 2006, almost 35.6% of the labor force, roughly almost 12 million people, is employed in the agriculture industry which includes the hunting and forestry sectors.
The situation being such, the agriculture sector aims for food security, sustainability of the natural resource base, social equity and global competitiveness. The Philippines takes specific measures to achieve these goals through the protection and development of watersheds; proper management of agricultural land and water resources; establishments and rehabilitation of irrigation systems; providing marginalized sectors preferential access to productive assets; and providing other essential measures and support services.
The global community acknowledges the Philippines’ frontrunner position in the agriculture industry. The University of the Philippines at Los Baños College of Agriculture is recognized as the premiere institution for higher learning in agriculture in Southeast Asia. It publishes the international journal, The Philippine Agricultural Scientist, a repository of scientific works in the agricultural sciences with manuscripts originating from all over the globe. The findings in the published researches are applicable in most tropical countries.
Information and communication technology is also being used to educate the agriculture extension workers through The Pinoy Farmer's Mobile Internet Bus (MIB). This is an open academy for Philippine agriculture, where trainings in remote provinces will be conducted through the use of TV, VCD, stereo, amplifier and notebook computers. It will start its operations in January, 2007.
Department of Agriculture
The Department of Agriculture is the principal agency of the
Philippine government responsible for the promotion of agricultural
development growth. It provides the policy framework, helps direct
public investments, and in partnership with local government units
(LGUs) provides the support services necessary to make agriculture
and agri-based enterprises profitable and to help spread the benefits
of development to the poor, particularly those in rural areas.
IRRI is a nonprofit agricultural research and training center
established to improve the well-being of present and future
generations of rice farmers and consumers, particularly those
with low incomes. It is dedicated to helping farmers in developing
countries produce more food on limited land using less water,
less labor, and fewer chemical inputs, without harming the environment.
National Food Authority
The National Food Authority was created under the name National
Grains Authority, with the mission of promoting the integrated
growth and development of the grains industry covering rice, corn,
feed grains and other grains like sorghum, mongo, and peanut.
Department of Agrarian
The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) is the principal
agency responsible for implementing the Comprehensive Agrarian
Reform Program (CARP). It improves land tenure through better
access to and a more equitable distribution of land and the fruits
thereof. It also enhances the welfare and promote the development
of Program beneficiaries through the coordinated delivery of essential
The National Irrigation Administration of the Republic of
the Philippines is a government-owned and controlled corporation
tasked with the development and operation of irrigation systems
all over the country.