In the Philippines, the regular courts engaged in the administration
of justice are organized into four (4) levels. At the highest level
is the Supreme Court; and in it are lower courts - those at the three
other levels - that judicial power is vested. They are collectively
known as the Judiciary. As thus organized, they comprise what is referred
to as the Integrated Judicial System.
Department of Justice web site sketches and outlines the functions
of the different constituent agencies and bureaus under the Department
of Justice and gives an immediate and ready reference to the reader.
Supreme Court of the
The Supreme Court as a unique institution with exclusive
power to declare what the Constitution is to review executive
and legislative acts, is the Philippines' permanent legacy from
America's adventure in empire building in the Pacific.
Department of Interior
and Local Government
The DILG supervises over local government units, oversees
and monitors the implementation of the Local Government Code of
1991, enhances the capabilities of the local government units
for self-governance, and implement plans and programs on local
The Philippine National Police is initially composed of the
members of the former Philippine Constabulary (PC) and Integrated
National Police (INP) who opted to join the PNP. The PNP enforces
the law, prevents and controls crime, maintains peace and order,
and ensures public safety and internal security with active support
of the community.
Armed Forces of the Philippines
The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the country's vigilant guardian of democracy which strives and works to maintain the freedom of the country. Formerly known as the Philippine Army, it was renamed to include the Philippine Air Force, the Philippine Navy and the Philippine Constabulary in 1950.